The skills possessed by the Mer Bretagne Atlantique cluster are organised into six major areas. These areas, shared by the Mer Bretagne Atlantique and Mer Méditerranée clusters, cover emerging needs identified by their members. 


securite-surete   Maritime safety and security

Key issues
Changes in the balance of geopolitics, transformations in technology and increasing economic interpenetration are creating new demands relating to safety and security. At the same time, there is a trend among populations and governments to demand a zero level of risk. As part of a move towards sustainable development, the maritime and waterways sectors will be looking to surveillance and intervention systems where operators can exchange and share knowledge and expertise. Observing, detecting and predicting to improve understanding and intervene more effectively are key issues for tomorrow.

Safety of assets

  • Regulating fisheries resources

  • Protecting undersea cables

  • Developing marine renewable energies

  • Safety and reliability of maritime transport

Safety of individuals

  • Combating piracy, illegal flow of migrants and trafficking
  • Protecting coastal populations against natural and industrial risks
  • Safeguarding individuals at work (particularly in offshore and fishing

A shifting international situation
The speed of geopolitical change, constantly evolving regulations and the development of asymmetrical conflicts are some of the many issues that need to be managed. The extension of the Economic Exclusion Zone (EEZ) to 350 miles increases France’s obligations as much as its rights

Innovating and anticipating future regulations
The challenge is to be able to anticipate changes in regulations as well as technical, political and social transformations. Operational mechanisms need to be designed and offered for surveillance, intervention and the protection of human life.
Research into responding proactively as well as passively to safety, both at an individual and collective level, and to prevent as well as a mitigate must take place

Maritime cluster positioning

  • Encouraging development and implementation of appropriate technology solutions for managing maritime risks and safeguarding human life.

  • Supporting development of new activities while ensuring that safety needs are taken into account.

  • Developing security products by exploiting new ICTs.

  • Facilitating access to market for solutions already developed within the clusters in this area. 


 naval-nautisme    Shipbuilding and leisure boatbuilding

Designing the ship of the future
Improving communication between ships, designing new, more economical, cleaner and safer vessels and creating the yacht of tomorrow: the projects recognised by the Mer Bretagne Atlantique cluster demonstrate the industry’s commitment to remaining at the forefront of developments in safety, technology and environmental protection

Ecodesign - a major issue
In fishing, leisure boating, merchant and naval shipping, environmental impact is a key concern for those building and operating ships. It is not just a question of minimising the impact of use but also of giving thought to end-of-life recycling of vessels.

Supporting innovative collaborative projects
Enhancing the performance of communication technologies, improving on-board conditions and safety at sea and optimising the output of working vessels are just some of the areas contributing to innovation.

Comprehensive inter-industry discussion
The rich variety of projects also relies on mobilising different industries within the Mer Bretagne Atlantique cluster. One of the roles of the EIA in particular is to create links between the various players to guarantee what is now an essential cross-wise approach.

Maritime cluster positioning

  • Facilitating emergence of R&D projects to pave the way for designing the ship of the future
  • Constructing a coherent and competitive shipbuilding industry
  • Supporting shipbuilding stakeholders in new markets
  • Promoting the eco-friendly leisure boat


ressources-marines  Marine energy and mining resources

While mining and oil and gas resources have virtually all been identified on land, numerous untouched deposits still exist in the oceans, due to an inability to fully master the processes for detecting and exploiting them. But the maritime space is looked to principally as a major source of renewable energy production – wind (fixed and floating turbine), tidal, wave, etc

Marine renewable energy centre stage
Development potential – from tidal to wind turbine and including recovering wave energy – is vast. Advances in technology mean ocean energy installations can be located at ever-greater distances from the shore.

Deep offshore - new deposits
Offshore oil and gas skills can now be developed to detect new mining deposits and to plan their possible exploitation. Research today is focused on deep offshore at average depths of 3800m.

Maritime cluster positioning

  • Developing second-generation innovative technologies to cut production costs

  • Using French energy and offshore sector expertise to accelerate development of resource exploitation activities

  • Building the specific capacities required for deep-ocean exploitation 

  • Developing the industrial and R&D framework around deep offshore activities

ressources-biologiques  Marine biological resources

Fishing and aquaculture - towards sustainable exploitation
Current exploitation methods need to be optimised to safeguard and develop resources more effectively and to improve the safety and comfort of those in the industry

Fishing: concerted thinking
Effective collaboration between fishing industry professionals and research centres has been established to test new equipment, devise innovative solutions and ensure crew safety.

Aquaculture, the alternative option
It is essential that a responsible approach to aquaculture is now adopted to complement fishing activities. This will guarantee the long-term future of sea produce. Seaweed farming is also currently experiencing positive developments.

Maritime cluster poisitioning

  • Maintaining sound fishing activities that take account of regional characteristics 

  • Enabling particular sectors to develop – hatcheries and technologies – while increasing their social acceptance 

 ressources-biologiques Marine biological resources

Marine biotechnology - unlocking economic potential
The marine biotechnology sector is experiencing unprecedented growth. It is, quite logically, a rich source of future solutions in areas as diverse as foodstuffs, renewable energy, health and even cosmetics

From applied research to economic development
The scope of research is widening with every discovery of potential new molecules. Collaboration between labs and companies is concrete proof of the value of bridges between applied research and the economic development of resources.

Wide-ranging apllications
The potential applications of marine biotechnology are incredibly diverse, from the therapeutic virtues of marine organisms to agro-materials and bioenergy. Protocols have already been drawn up for placing new drugs on the market as well as for assisting pioneering procedures such as organ transplants

Maritime cluster positioning

  • Developing the farming and production of microorganisms with a view to establishing an industrial sector

environnement-littoral  Environmental and coastal planning and development

A determining factor for the future
More than 70% of the world’s population live in the fragile and complex environment of the 100-km wide coastal strip. In France, the Breton, Aquitaine and Mediterranean littoral regions attract the most incomers and tourists. This situation increases the risks for local populations while reducing biodiversity and depleting natural resources

An opportunity to create new approaches to development
In response to these needs, new concepts are emerging that translate into new multipurpose approaches to management, new activities and new environmental services: innovation combined with protecting natural spaces and providing user services is offering groundbreaking solutions

Maritime cluster positioning

  • Supporting the range of services and products offered with a view to managing the littoral zone more effectively.

  • Encouraging development of integrated and multipurpose coastal works

  • Supporting emergence of the coastal eco-management sector

  • Raising awareness among littoral zone users of its proper development and management

infrastructures  Port infrastructure and maritime transport

The port of the future: locally rooted, globally connected
Preserving their identity while integrating into the geographical and human environment, port cities are like experimental labs at the heart of densely populated urban regions. New economic activities, such as MREs, are now being added to the traditional industrial base and are creating jobs in the process

Reducing environmental impact through new technologies
Improving environmental impact controls, optimising energy consumption and rationalising waste management are some of the ways ports reduce their carbon footprint.

Maritime cluster positioning

  • Promoting emergence of new services and products to improve passenger and goods transport

  • Supporting innovative projects to manage space and develop port capacities

  • Developing innovative environmental initiatives

  • Incorporating ports into integrated management practices by working on associated services