In the biogeochemistry of the oceans, the biological pump, which plays a significant role in the marine carbon cycle, is a series of biological processes that result in carbon being transported from the euphotic zone to the ocean depths. The pump is a major element in regulating the climate.

Without the carbon biological pump, the concentration of carbon in the atmosphere would rise by around 50%. The biological pump varies according to primary production, the structure of phytoplankton communities, the flow of particles and the weakening of this flow, which in turn depends on grazing and remineralisation. While diatoms are recognised as forming a phytoplankton group that is essential to the biological pump, several studies show that the role of cyanobacteria has until now been underestimated. Lastly, the discovery that cyanobacteria are capable of storing silicon could, moreover, revolutionise their role in the biological pump.

The BioPSis project proposes to evaluate the role of these essential silicified elements in the biological pump in the context of climate change. To this end, the impact of nutrient limitation, which has been predicted using global circulation models as being a consequence of global changes, will be examined.

Research centers
  • - MNHN, UMR 7208, Biologie des Organismes et Ecosystèmes Aquatiques (BOREA), Concarneau
  • - UBO/CNRS, UMR 6538, Laboratoire de Domaine Océanique, Brest
  • - UBO/CNRS, UMR 6539, UBO/CNRS/IRD/Ifremer, Laboratoire des sciences de l'Environnement MARin (LEMAR), Brest
  • - Université de Pau, UMR 5254, Institut des sciences analytiques et de Physico-chimie pour l'Environnement et les Matériaux, Laboratoire de chimie analytique bio-inorganique et environnement (IPREM-LCABIE), Pau
  • - Université du littoral Côte d’Opale, UMR 8187, Laboratoire d'Océanologie et de Géosciences, Dunkerque
- Agence Nationale de la Recherche
Overall budget
311 K€